Archive for December, 2013


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
• Write the Key Verses from memory.
• Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to God.
• Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to the nations.
• Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to unbelievers.
• Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to believers.


Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the Devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour;
Whom resist steadfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world. (I Peter 5:8-9)


This lesson presents an overview of the general strategies of our enemy, Satan. In the next lesson, you will be given an overview of “The Battle Plan” of God. In later lessons, after you have been armed with your spiritual weapons, you will be given more specific counterstrategies to overcome all the evil plans of the enemy. But first, you need to understand the general strategy of the enemy in relation to God, the nations, unbelievers, and believers.


Satan’s original sin was that he wanted to be like God, so his present power and activities are directed primarily against God. All of his other activities and his very nature are viewed as stemming from his original rebellious ambition.
For example, Satan’s attack on the first man and woman, Adam and Eve, was really an attack on the character and control of God (Genesis 3:1-5). Satan also induced Cain to murder Abel in opposition to God (I John 3:10-12). You can study every attack of Satan recorded in Scripture and you will discover that it is actually an attack on God and His activities and nature.
Satan is in direct opposition to God in every activity and quality of nature. For example, God is love whereas Satan is hateful and promotes hatred (I John 3:7-15). God is life and creates life while Satan promotes death and destruction (Hebrews 2:14).
Satan not only opposes God and His nature, but he also opposes God’s program. He denies the existence of God (Psalms 14:1-3), promotes lies (Ephesians 2:2; II Thessalonians 2:8-ll); and is behind false religions, the occult, and cults with their false doctrines and practices. Satan’s religious system results in false teachers, prophets, and “christs.” You will study more about this later as you study “Spiritual Wickedness In High Places.”
Satan will reach the climax of his rebellion against God and His plans during the time of “The Final Battle” discussed in the last chapter of this course. Despite these evil strategies, Satan and his hosts of demonic powers are no threat to our Almighty God.


Satan is called the “god of this world” which includes men who are not believers and demonic angels. (II Corinthians 4:4) He offered the nations to Jesus during the temptation of Christ, and our Lord did not dispute the legitimacy of the offer. He simply refused to rebel against God in submitting to Satan’s way of obtaining the rule (Matthew 4:8-10).
Satan uses his demons to influence and deceive the nations, leading the leaders and people astray from God. This is why there are cruel dictators and ungodly political systems in many nations.
It also accounts for the wars and divisions between the nations. Satan especially influences leaders against the Church and God’s chosen people, Israel. He also works through governments to hinder the spread of the Gospel.
During the tribulation period Satan will actually direct the affairs of a group of ten nations through the Antichrist. After the second coming of Christ, Satan will be bound for a thousand years (Revelation 20:3). Upon his release, he will deceive the nations one last time to assemble them against Jerusalem and God (Revelation 20:7-10). In the end, every kingdom of earth and the Kingdom of Satan will become the Kingdoms of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.


The enemy has a very powerful strategy operating against unbelievers. He blinds their minds to the Gospel (II Corinthians 4:3-4) and snatches away the truth of the Gospel when they do hear it so that no response will occur (Luke 8:12). As a result, the Gospel sounds foolish and irrelevant to those who are lost in sin (I Corinthians 1:18).
Satan also snares many unbelievers in false religions (I Timothy 4:1-3) and leads them to walk according to the “course of the world” which is the philosophy of the age. That philosophy may vary from generation to generation and culture to culture, but it is always creature-centered and creature-promoting rather than God-centered. Satan is constantly sowing the seeds of rebellion (sin) in the hearts and minds of unbelievers.
One of the purposes of the Holy Spirit is to war against Satan for the souls of unbelievers. The Holy Spirit works to convict men and women of their sinful rebellion against God (John 16:7-11).


When you accept Jesus Christ as Savior, it certainly does not mean the battle is over! You have won one major confrontation when you are saved, but in reality, your intense struggle has only begun.
You will learn many specific strategies of Satan as you continue to study this course and are armed with spiritual weapons and mobilized to enter enemy territory. But all of these attacks can be summarized in four major areas. In the life of a believer Satan attacks:


Satan will cause you to question the Word of God and will add to, take from, or distort the Scriptures. Remember that this happened in the very first temptation of Eve. This is why it is important for you to study and understand God’s Word so you will not be deceived by these attacks.


Satan’s original rebellion involved his desire to be worshiped, so he especially targets the worship of believers. He will try to prevent you from worshiping or lead you into false or fleshly worship.


Satan attacks your personal walk with God. He accuses and slanders you, tempts you to engage in the works of the flesh, to be occupied with the world, and to rely upon your own human wisdom and strength. If Satan can win territory in your personal walk with God, it will make it easier for him to defeat you in the next area which is…


Satan also attacks your work for God. He will try to deter you from accomplishing God’s will by persecution, disaster, discouragement, prayerlessness, and busy involvement with the cares of the world. Satan also tries to affect your work for God by infiltrating the Church with false teachers and disciples (II Corinthians 11:13-15; II Peter 2:1-19; Matthew 13:38-39).
While God sows good seed through your ministry, the enemy sows tares which are the “sons of the wicked one.” He promotes division within the Body of Christ trying to affect the work of God and His purposes in your life and ministry.


Satan’s strategies are certainly varied and powerful as he works against God, the nations, unbelievers, and believers.
Having spent the last four lessons studying the enemy, the spiritual forces of evil, enemy territory, and strategy, you may be a bit overwhelmed at this point. But as you will learn in the next chapter, God has a “battle plan” far greater and more powerful than any scheme of the enemy.
You are now ready to study that plan and then be armed with your spiritual weapons and mobilized for battle.


1 Write the Key Verses from the Articles Of War.
2. Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to God.
3. Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to the nations.
4. Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to the unbelievers.
5. Summarize the strategy of the enemy in relation to believers.



1. Study further on the works of the flesh in Galatians 5:19-21.
2. Contrast to these evil works the fruit of the Spirit in Galatians 6:22-23.
3. Read John 1:1-15 and chapter 3. Observe God’s great love for the world despite its sinful, fleshly condition. What did God do to show His love? What was the response of the world?
4. Study further about temptation.
• Satan is called the tempter: Matthew 4:3; I Thessalonians 3:15
• God does not tempt men to do evil: James 1:13-14
• You are tempted by:
• Men: Matthew 16:1; 19:3; 22:35; Mark 8:11; 10:2; Luke 11:16; John 8:6
• Satan: Matthew 4:1; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; I Corinthians 7:5
• Your lusts: James 1:13-14
• Riches: I Timothy 6:9
• You are to pray not to be led into temptation: Matthew 26:41; Luke 11:4; Mark 14:38; 22:46
• Jesus was tempted, but did not sin: Hebrews 2:18; 4:15
• You are blessed if you endure temptation: James 1:12
• God can deliver you from temptation: Hebrews 4:15; II Peter 2:9; I Corinthians 10:13
• Temptation brings heaviness but you should count every temptation a joy James 1:2; I Peter 1:6
5. Are you experiencing lust which has led to temptation and then to sin? Follow the strategy in I John 1:8-9.
6. It is within the context of describing the warfare between the Holy Spirit and the flesh that Paul identifies the works of the flesh which war within believers. See Galatians 5:16-26.


1. Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, The love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. (I John 2:15-16)
2. The word “flesh” as used in this lesson refers to the sinful nature that is in all men which is in opposition and rebellion to God.
3. The word “world” as used in this lesson refers to the present condition of the world system which is in opposition to God.
4. Satan.
5. Compare your summary to the discussion in Chapter Seven.
6. Sin.
7. The world hates believers.
8. Lust is strong desire, soulish emotions, the natural tendency of man towards evil. Lusting after evil things which will please our fleshly nature is “lust of the flesh.”
9. Satan uses the environment of the world to appeal to the senses and cause evil desire or lust of the flesh.
10. Lust results in temptation, temptation leads to sin, and sin leads to death.
11. Galatians 5:19-21


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
• Write the Key Verses from memory.
• Define what is meant by the word “world” as it is used in this lesson.
• Identify the prince of the world.
• Explain the reason for the current world system.
• Describe the attitude of the world toward believers.
• Define what is meant by the word “flesh” as it is used in this lesson.
• Explain what is meant by the “lust of the flesh.”
• Explain how lust develops.
• Explain the results of unconquered lust.
• Identify a Scripture reference which lists the works of the flesh.



Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. (I John 2:15-16)

There is only one enemy, but as you have learned in previous lessons he works through a mighty force of demons. As the Key Verse of this chapter reveals, Satan not only uses demons but he also works through the evil forces of the flesh and the world:

Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. (I John 2:15-16)

The purpose of this chapter is to identify and discuss the enemy forces of evil known as the world and the flesh. Beware! You are entering a hostile grounds. The world and the flesh are enemy territory.


The word “world” has different meanings in Scripture. It can mean the earth or universe in its physical order. It is used to refer to Gentiles which are all nations other than the Jewish nation.
But the word “world” also is used to refer to the present condition of human affairs in opposition to God. It is the system that runs the inhabited earth, a system that is opposed to God and the Lord Jesus Christ. It is this meaning that is used in this lesson. The “world” is the corporate group of flesh-centered individuals who make up the human race. Flesh, in this context, is not referring to the actual flesh of your body. It is a term which describes the basic evil human nature of man which is in willful rebellion against God.
As your enemy, the world is the whole organized system of social, economic, materialistic, and religious philosophies which have their expression through organizations, personalities, and governments. It is not a specific government, organization, or person, but the worldly system upon which these are based. The world system is an extension of man’s fleshiness. It provides an atmosphere, environment, and system which promotes fleshly sins. It surrounds man with that which appeals to his fleshly desires.


Satan is the “prince” or ruler of the world system:

Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. (John 12:31)

Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me. (John 14:30)Satan is also called the god of this world:

In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believed not… (II Corinthians 4:4)

The kingdoms of the world are presently influenced by Satan. They are guided by Satanic philosophy and principles. They are flesh-centered and flesh-governed:

Again, the Devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto Him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. (Matthew 4:8-9)

Some day they will become the kingdoms of our Lord:

And the seventh angel sounded: and there were great voices in heaven saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever. (Revelation 11:15)


Sin is the reason for the present condition of the world. When Adam and Eve were originally created by God, they were given dominion over the world. This meant they had control over the world, to guide its systems and inhabitants according to the plan of God. When they sinned against God, they lost that dominion. (Genesis l-3)
When Jesus was crucified for the sins of all mankind and resurrected from the dead, He reclaimed the world. He pronounced judgment on the spiritual forces of evil:

And having spoiled principalities and powers, He made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. (Colossians 2:15)

Although Jesus reclaimed the world from the power of the enemy, Satan does not yet acknowledge that claim. Satan still is at work in the world with his evil powers. Satan will not acknowledge the claims of Jesus over the kingdoms of the world until the final conflict which you will study about in the last chapter of this course.
The present situation is similar to military conditions that often occur in the natural world. A political or military power will take control of a nation but their claims will not be acknowledged by rebel troops within that nation. The rebel troops continue to war throughout the country.
They try to take possession of territory not rightfully theirs and overpower the citizens. They  often use tactics of terror to accomplish these purposes.
The situation in the spirit world is similar. Jesus reclaimed dominion over the world, the enemy, and his evil forces. But the rebel troops of Satan still war throughout the world. They try to take possession of territory not rightfully theirs and influence men and women for evil. This battle, which is our “spiritual warfare,” will continue until the final conflict.


The world structure is in direct opposition to God, His plan, purposes, and people:

The Evil World System:
The present world system is evil:

Who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father. (Galatians 1:4)

The world system is without God:
…having no hope, and without God in the world. (Ephesians 2:12)
There is much deception in the world to ensnare believers to become part of the world system:

For many deceivers are entered into the world…(II John 7)
The world is already judged and under condemnation by God:

But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. (I Corinthians 11:32)


The Elements Of The World:
The “elements of the world” refer to the elementary principles that govern the world. They lead to spiritual bondage:
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. (Galatians 4:3)

The Rudiments Of The World:
These are the regulations on which the world structure rests. They are different from the principles upon which God structures His Kingdom:

Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances. (Colossians 2:8,20)


The Spirit Of The World:
The spirit of the world is in direct opposition to the Holy Spirit:

Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. (I Corinthians 2:12)

The Philosophy Of The World:
Philosophies are principles of knowledge. Worldly philosophies are not based on Christ:

Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. (Colossians 2:8)


The Wisdom Of The World
Worldly wisdom is not God’s wisdom:

For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. (I Corinthians 3:19)

The Course Of The World:
The “course” of the world is the cycle of the present world, its routine, the way in which it operates:

Wherefore in times past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. (Ephesians 2:2)


The Voices Of The World:
The many “voices” in the world are contrary to the voice of God:

There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification. (I Corinthians 14:10)

The Peace Of The World:
The peace of the world is temporary, fragile, and sometimes deceptive:

Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. (John 14:27)

Soft whispers

The Sorrow Of The World:
Godly sorrow differs from that of the world:

For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. (II Corinthians 7:10)

The Attitude Of The World:
The world hates God:

…Know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God. (James 4:4)

The world hates believers:

If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would love his own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. (John 15:18-19)

Since the world is made up of flesh centered individuals who hate believers, we need to learn more about this powerful force called “the flesh.”


The world is an evil social force of Satan that works from the outside to attack believers. It is the corporate organization of fleshly individuals. The flesh is an evil force working from within the believer. The same “fleshly spirit” that operates in the world will operate in your life if you allow it to do so. The word “flesh” as used in Scripture can refer to the actual body of man and beast. But this is not what we are talking about when we use the word “flesh” in this lesson.
The Bible also uses the word “flesh” to describe the basic sin nature of man. The flesh is the center of willful defiance and rebellion against God:

For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing; for to will (to do good) is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not; but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. (Romans 8:18-20)

The flesh is a compulsive inner force which expresses itself in rebellion through sin. It is this meaning of flesh which is used in this lesson. The words “carnal” and “old man” are also used to describe the fleshly nature of man. All men have this basic, sinful, fleshly nature:

Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. (Romans 5:12)
For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23)


This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. (Galatians 5:16)

What is the lust of the flesh? First let us define the word “lust.” Lust is “strong desire, soulish emotions, the natural tendency of man towards evil.” The Bible warns that we should not lust after evil things:

Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. (I Corinthians 10:6)

Lusting after evil things which will please your fleshly nature is “lust of the flesh.” It is how Satan attacks from within. It is like a civil war within a nation, with your spirit and flesh warring against each other.


Lust, or sinful desire, first enters through the natural senses. The eye sees something evil or the ear hears something wicked. A touch, a taste, or even a smell can even foster lust.
This is how Satan uses the environment of the world to tempt the flesh. These natural senses trigger an evil thought or desire in the mind. This is lust. The lustful thought is what tempts you to do evil:

Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God; for God cannot be
tempted with evil, neither tempteth He any man. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. (James 1:13-14)

Remember, God never tempts you. You are tempted when you are drawn by your own sinful, fleshly lusts. But you do not have to yield to this temptation. God always provides a way of escape:

There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: But God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way of escape that ye may be able to bear it. (I Corinthians 10:13)

Since the mind is used to tempt the flesh, Paul warns:

For to be carnally (fleshly) minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. (Romans 8:7-8)

You will learn later how the mind is one of the main battlefields of spiritual warfare.


If you yield to lust, temptation results and if you yield to temptation, it results in sin which leads to death:

Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin, and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. (James 1:15)

The world is corrupt because of lust:

…having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. (II Peter 1:4)

Your flesh is corrupt because of lust:

That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts… (Ephesians 4:22)



For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (Galatians 5:17)

When you are saved and filled with the Holy Spirit, that Spirit indwells your spirit. The Holy Spirit in your spirit opposes the lusts of the flesh. Your flesh wars against your spirit and the Spirit of God within you. The flesh entices you to sinful lusts. This is why you often cannot live the way you desire to live. Paul described this battle between the spirit and the flesh in Romans chapter 7:

I find then a law, that when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man (the spirit); But I see another law in my members (the flesh), warring against the law of my mind and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. (Romans 7:21-23)


The lusts of the flesh, if not conquered, lead to sinful works of the flesh which result in spiritual
Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like; of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such thing shall not inherit the Kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:19-21)
This list can be divided into four categories of sins:
• Worship Sins: Idolatry and witchcraft.
• Sexual Sins: Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, and lasciviousness.
• Personal Sins: Drunkenness and revellings.
• Relationship Sins: Hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions,
envyings, and murders.
Each of these sinful works are defined in detail in the Harvestime International Institute course “Ministry Of The Holy Spirit.” They are contrasted to the fruit of the Holy Spirit which should be developed in the lives of believers.

The world and the flesh combine with Satan and his demons to war against believers. These are the spiritual forces of evil. In the following lessons you will learn strategies of spiritual warfare to combat these powerful spiritual forces of evil.


l. Write the Key Verses from the Articles Of War.
2. What is meant by the word “flesh” as it is used in this lesson?
3. What is meant by the word “world” as it is used in this lesson?
4. Who is the prince of this world?
5. Summarize characteristics of the present world system.
6. What is the reason for the sinful condition of the current world system?
7. What is the attitude of the world toward believers?
8. What is meant by the “lust of the flesh”?
9. How does lust develop?
10. What happens if you do not control lust?
11. Give a Scripture reference which identifies the works of the flesh.


1. To learn more about the spiritual forces of evil, study the following Biblical references on the subject of demons:
Genesis: 3:1-15; 6:1-4; 41:8; 44:5
Exodus: 7:8-13; 20-24; 8:6-7, 18-19; 9:11; 22:18
Leviticus: 17:7; 19:26,31; 20:6,27
Numbers: 22:7; 23:23
Deuteronomy: 18:9-14, 20-22; 32:17
Judges: 8:21,26
I Samuel: 15:23; 16:14; 18:10; 28:1-15
I Kings: 5:4; 18:28; 22:19-38
II Kings: 9:22; 17:17; 21:1-9; 23:5,24
I Chronicles: 21:1
II Chronicles: 33:1-10
Job: 1:1-12; 2:1
Psalms: 78:49; 91:6; 106:36-38
Isaiah: 3:18-19; 8:19; 14:12-17; 47:11-15
Jeremiah: 27:9
Ezekiel: 21:21; 28:11-19
Daniel: 1:20; 2:2,27; 4:6-9; 5:7, 11, 15
Hosea: 4:12
Micah: 5:12
Zechariah: 3:1,2; 10:2
Malachi: 3:5
Matthew: 4:1-11, 24; 8:16, 28-34; 9:32-34; 10:1, 25: 11:18; 12:22-30, 11:43-45; 13:19, 39: 15:21-28; 17:14-21; 24:24; 25:41
Mark: 1:12-13, 21-28, 32, 34, 39; 3:11-12, 15, 22-30; 5:1-20; 6:7, 13; 7:24-30; 8:33; 9:17-29, 38-40; 13:22; 16:9, 17
Luke: 4:1-13, 33-37; 6:18; 7:21,33; 8:2, 26-39; 9:1, 37-42, 49-50; 10:17-20; 11:14-26; 13:10-17, 32; 22:3, 31; 24:39
John: 6:70; 7:20; 8:44, 48-49; 10:20-21; 12:31; 13:27; 14:30; 16:11; 17:15
Acts: 5:3, 16; 8:7, 9-11, 18:24; 10:38; 13:6-12; 16:16-19; 19:12-20; 26:18
Romans: 8:38-39; 16:20
I Corinthians: 5:5; 7:5; 10:20-21
II Corinthians: 2:11; 4:4, 6:14, 15, 17; 11:13-14; 12:7
Galatians: 1:4; 3:1; 4:8-9; 5:19-21
Ephesians: 1:21; 2:2; 4:26-27; 6:11, 12, 16
Colossians: 1:13; 2:15
I Thessalonians: 2:18; 3:5
II Thessalonians: 2:1-10; 3:3
I Timothy: 1:20; 3:6; 4:1-3
II Timothy: 1:7; 2:26; 4:18
Hebrews: 2:14
James: 2:19; 3:15; 4:7
I Peter: 5:8
II Peter: 2:4, 19
I John: 2:13, 18; 3:8, 12; 4:1-4, 6; 5:18
Jude: 1:6, 9
Revelation: 2:9, 13, 24; 3:9; 9:1-11, 20-21; 12:1-13; 13:1-18; 16:13-16; 18:2; 19:20; 20:1-14: 21:8
2. Study the Old Testament record of demonic powers:
Satan in the form of a serpent is mentioned seven times in Genesis 3:1-24 and Isaiah 27:1.
Satan is also mentioned in I Chronicles 21:1; II Samuel 24:1; Psalm 109:6; Zechariah 3:1-2; and 14 times in the book of Job.
Evil spirits are mentioned eight times in the record of King Saul: I Samuel 16:14-23; 18:10; 19:9.
Lying spirits are mentioned six times in I Kings 22:21-23.
Familiar spirits are mentioned six times in Leviticus 20:27 and I Samuel 28.
Religious spirits and spirits of physical harlotry are identified in the book of Hosea.
Demons are identified with the gods of pagan nations four times: Leviticus 17:7; Deuteronomy 32:17; II Chronicles 11:15; Psalms 106:19-39.
Evil princes who rule nations are identified in the Psalms, the prophets, and specifically in Daniel 10:10-21. Unclean perverse spirits are mentioned twice: Isaiah 19:14
3. Think about this: While demonic forces are God’s enemies, at the same time they are subject to His will and used by Him to defeat themselves: See I Samuel 16:14; 18:10; 19:9; I Kings 22:20-22; and Isaiah 19:14.


1. Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils. (I Timothy 4:1)
2. God created them.
3. Their sphere of activity is on earth.
4. Like Satan, their activities are directed against God, His plan, and His people.
5. See the list of attributes listed in Chapter Six.
6. See the discussion in Chapter Six.
7. They were originally angels in Heaven.
8. They participated in the rebellion of Satan and as a result were cast out of Heaven. They no longer were good spiritual beings (angels) but became evil (demons).
9. See the discussion on this subject in Chapter Six.




Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
• Write the Key Verse from memory.
• Recall the origin of demons.
• Explain their original position.
• Identify their sphere of activity.
• Identify the attributes of demons.
• Explain how demon forces are organized.
• Summarize the activities of demons.


Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils. (I Timothy 4:1)


In the previous chapter you learned about Satan. In this chapter you will study about the “troops,” known as demons, which are under Satan’s command. Some people ignore the subject of demons completely. Others have a compulsive interest in them. You should not minimize the power of demon spirits in the world today, yet you must not become so preoccupied with them that you see a demon in everything that happens and in everyone around you. You should take a simple, literal, Biblical approach to the subject of demons. Do not study secular books about such powers of evil. Your only sources of study in these areas should be the Word of God or good Christian literature.

God originally created all of the angels, some of which later became demons:
All things were made by Him; and without Him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:3)

For by Him were all things created, that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16)


Demons were originally like the other angels of God with the same attributes and positions as the good angels described in Chapter Four of this course. When Satan rebelled against God, a portion of the angels participated in his rebellion. God cast them out of Heaven, along with Satan. They were no longer good spiritual beings (angels). They became evil spiritual beings (demons):

And there was war in Heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon (Satan); and the dragon fought and his angels.
And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in Heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. (Revelation 12:7-9)

If demons are not “fallen” angels, then we have no other Biblical explanation for their existence. Satan cannot create his own forces, because all things were created by God. There are two groups of these fallen angels. One group is actively opposing God and His people on earth.
Another is confined in chains:

For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to Hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness to be reserved unto judgment… (II Peter 2:4)

And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. (Jude 6)

There are confined demons and active demons. The leader of both groups is Satan, who is called the “prince” of devils (Matthew 12:24). Hell is prepared for the Devil and his angels. It will be their final destiny:

Then shall He (Jesus) say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. (Matthew 25:41)

When Jesus confronted two men possessed by demons, their response was:

…What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? (Matthew 8:29)

The demons in the possessed men knew their final destiny was a place of eternal torment. Since Hell is a place of torment and was prepared for Satan and his angels, then demons must be the fallen angels.

Throughout the Bible, demons are shown as active on earth. Since Satan is not omnipresent (present everywhere), he uses demons to do his will and accomplish his purposes throughout the world. They constitute the “powers of the air” (Ephesians 2:2) and the “powers of darkness” (Colossians 1:13) and are all under the control of Satan.


In their original sinless condition, demons, demons had the same attributes as the good angel previously studied. In their present evil state these demons:
Are spirits: Matthew 8:16; Luke 10:17, 20
Can appear visibly: Genesis 3:1; Zechariah 3:1; Matthew 4:9-10
Can speak: Mark 5:9, 12; Luke 8:28; Matthew 8:31
Believe: James 2:19
Exercise their wills: Luke 11:24; 8:32
Demonstrate intelligence: Mark 1:24
Have emotions: Luke 8:28; James 2:19
Have recognition: Acts 19:15
Have supernatural strength: Acts 19:16; Mark 5:3
Have supernatural presence: Daniel 9:21-23
Are eternal: Matthew 25:41
Have their own doctrine: I Timothy 4:1-3
Are evil: Matthew 10:1; Mark 1:27; 3:11

Demons are called evil spirits six times and unclean spirits 23 times in the New Testament. They are also called devils (Mark 1:32) and the devil’s angels (Matthew 25:41)


Let us review how God organized His angelic host…

For by Him were all things created, that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: All things were created by Him, and for Him. (Colossians 1:16)

Satan is an imitator, not an originator. He has organized his demons in a structure similar to that of God’s forces:

For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. (Ephesians 6:12)

Satan has organized his forces into:

Principalities: Satan has apparently divided the world into principalities. A principality is the territory or jurisdiction of a prince. Satan has placed a prince over each principality. The prince of the power of Persia is mentioned in Daniel 10. This is how Satan works on a national level influencing governments and nations.

Powers and rulers of darkness of this world: These two categories of demons are at work in the social, political, and cultural systems of the world. You will learn about how to deal with these and the spirits over principalities as you study spiritual strategies for overcoming the world in Chapter Fourteen.

Spiritual wickedness in high places: High places in the Old Testament were where worship was carried on. This is how Satan works in the religious structures of the world. You will learn more about this in Chapter Twenty as you study about spiritual wickedness in high places.
These organized groups vary in size. For example, Mary Magdalene had seven demons in her prior to her deliverance. Luke 8:30 mentions a “legion” of demons. A legion in the Roman army which ruled at the time of Jesus referred to 6,100 foot soldiers and 726 horsemen! These organized forces of demons…

Are United:
In the case of the demon possessed man recorded in Luke 8:30 the demons were united in their purpose, which in this example was possession of the man. The same is true in Matthew 12:45 and in the case of Mary Magdalene who had seven demons (Luke 16:9). Jesus spoke of the unity of demon powers when He said:

And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand? (Matthew 12:26)

Have Different Degrees Of Wickedness:
This is illustrated by the demon who said he would return with other evil spirits:

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
Then goeth he and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself and they enter in and dwell there: And the last state of that man is worse than the first… (Matthew 12:43-45)

Can Change Their Functions:
The demon in I Kings 22:21-23 declared he would be a lying spirit. This indicates he was not one previously for he said “I will be…”.

Are Of Different Kinds:
The Bible teaches that man has a body, soul, and spirit. There are three major kinds of demons that attack the body, soul, and spirit of man:
l. Evil or unclean spirits: They are responsible for immoral acts, unclean thoughts, oppression, possession, depression, and other strategies of Satan which we will study later. They afflict the mind and the soulish nature of man. (Matthew 10:1; 12:43; Mark 1:23-26)
2. Spirits of infirmity: These spirits afflict the physical body. (Luke 13:11)
3. Seducing spirits: Seducing spirits afflict the mind, soul, and spirit of man, influencing him to believe false doctrines as indicated in I Timothy 4:1. These spirits seduce people to believe a lie and be damned to eternal punishment. They are spirits of false doctrine, cults, false Christs, and false teachers.

dark angel

Demons follow orders given by their prince, Satan. We can summarize the activities of demons by noting that they are always directed against God, His plan, and His people. Demons are used by Satan to attack the Word of God, your worship of God, your walk with God, and your work for God.
In Chapter Eight you will learn details of the enemy’s strategy in spiritual warfare. Satan uses his demons to accomplish this strategy throughout the world. Demons extend Satan’s power by promoting deception and wickedness. They affect individuals, governments, nations, and the world system. They promote rebellion and slander both God and men. They promote idolatry, false doctrines, and blind men and women to the truth of the Gospel.
These demons attack unbelievers driving them to commit terrible evil acts, to murder, injure, commit suicide, etc. They affect the mind with emotional problems and the body with physical infirmities. Demons attack believers by temptation, deception, depression, and oppression.
They try to keep you in bondage to habits and fear. They accuse and slander you and create division among the people of God. They target your spiritual walk with God and fight against the Word of God, the worship of God, and your work for God. They also attack your physical body.
Unbelievers are defenseless against the attacks of demonic powers, but believers have powerful spiritual weapons and strategies for dealing with this mighty spiritual force of evil. You will learn about these weapons and strategies as you continue this study of spiritual warfare.


1. Write the Key Verse from the Articles Of War.
2. How did demons originate?
3. What is their sphere of activity?
4. Summarize their activities.
5. List as many attributes of demons as you can recall from the discussion in this chapter.
6. How are demon forces organized?
7. What was the original position of demons?
8. Why did they become demons?
9. Give a brief definition of each of the following ranking of demons:
Powers And Rulers Of Darkness:
Spiritual Wickedness In High Places:

1. Study the Biblical record of the words of Satan. His words serve as a further introduction to his strategies: Genesis 3:1,4,5; Job 1:7-12; Job 2:1-6; Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13.
2. Satan is an exact opposite of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit was sent by God to draw men to Himself. Satan is committed to draw men away from God.

Holy Spirit Satan References
Spirit of truth Spirit of Error I John 4:6
True A liar John 14:17; 8:44
Life giving A murderer I Corinthians 15:45; John 8:44
Holy Evil Romans 1:4; Matthew 6:13
Like a dove Like a serpent Matthew 3:16; Revelation 12:9
Our helper Our adversary Romans 8:26; I Peter 5:8
Gives utterance Makes men dumb Acts 2:4; Mark 9:17
Advocate Slanderer John 14:16; Job 1:9-11
Stronger than Satan Strong armed man Luke 11:21-22
3. Jesus said Satan…
Is an enemy: Matthew 13:39
Is the wicked one: Matthew 13:38
Is the prince of this world: John 12:31; 14:30
Is a liar and the father of lies: John 8:44
Is a murderer: John 8:44
Fell from Heaven: Luke 10:18
Has a kingdom: Matthew 12:26
Sows tares among the wheat: Matthew 13:38-39
Snatches the Word from hearers: Matthew 13:19; Mark 4:15; Luke 8:12
Bound a woman for eighteen years: Luke 13:16
Desired to have Peter: Luke 22:31
Has angels: Matthew 25:41
Is prepared for eternal fire: Matthew 25:41
4. In studying this lesson on Satan, have you identified areas in which the enemy is active in your life? Has he deceived you and lied to you? Has he subtly crept into your life to destroy and rob you of joy, peace, or your Christian testimony? It is important to determine this, because areas in which Satan is operative in your life are battlefields in which you will apply the strategies you will learn in this course.
5. Satan is compared to a snake or serpent in the natural world. Consider the spiritual application of the following natural principles:
The venom of poisonous snakes falls into three categories:
Neurotorins: Which affect the nerves.
Hemotorins: Which affect the blood.
Cardiotorins: Which affect the heart.
Satan also affects your nerve (courage), your heart (to attack your worship and service of God), and tries to prevent the work of the blood of Jesus (salvation, healing, deliverance) in your life.
Snakes protect themselves by:
• Disguise: Some snakes are very hard to see because they look like the dirt or trees in which they are found.
• Imitation: Some snakes protect themselves by imitation. One example is the
African tree viper which “freezes” itself and sticks its neck out like a twig on a tree.
• Increased size: The puff adder protects itself by blowing itself up as big as possible.
• Frightening sounds: Some snakes hiss or rattle, making frightening sounds to scare you away. Your spiritual enemy comes disguised as an “angel of light” and imitates the things of God. He also tries to frighten you by appearing large and threatening.
Snakes capture their food in four different ways:
• Strike: A swift attack.
• Constriction: Where the snake wraps itself around the target and slowly squeezes out its life.
• Throwing weight around over the prey to overcome it.
• Biting and holding the target in its fangs while slow poison paralyzes the target. Sometimes the snake’s teeth are broken off in the struggle, but snakes are constantly developing new teeth. The most dangerous part of a snake is its mouth. It shoots enough venom to paralyze, then devours its prey.
Do you see how these methods parallel those used in attacks of Satan? Sometimes he attacks with swift and deadly strikes. Other times he constricts your spiritual life with the cares of the world and sinful weights and entanglements. He is always trying to “throw his weight around” to terrorize you, and he loves to hold you in bondage while paralyzing you with his deadly venom.
Snakes locate their prey by picking up dust on their tongue which relays information to their brain. If you stand still, a snake cannot locate you. Satan spots you best when the dust is stirred up and you are running in confusion and fear. When the dust is settled and you stand against him fearlessly, just like snake, he cannot strike you. This is why the Bible says “stand still.”..and “keep on standing.”
In a panic situation, a snake will shoot all of its venom at once and is then rendered defenseless for awhile until it can produce more venom. It is possible that this is what occurred in the wilderness temptation when Jesus used the Word of God against Satan’s attacks and caused Satan to “depart from him for a season.”
Here are some ways to avoid snake bite in the natural world. Note that they are also applicable in the spiritual realm:
1. Recognize poisonous snakes (know your enemy).
2. Wear protective clothing (your spiritual armor).
3. Avoid known snake territory (do not go into areas of known temptation or Satanic activity).
4. Have a friend with you (this illustrates the importance of being part of the Body of Christ).
5. Avoid walking after dark or in darkened areas. Snakes avoid direct sunlight. (as believers, we no longer walk as children of the dark but as children of light!)
6. Do not put your hands or feet into places you cannot look (guard your fleshly senses).
7. Do not sit down without looking around carefully (stationary targets are easier to hit than moving targets).
8. Do not go out of your way to kill a snake. Thousands of people are bitten each year because they try to kill them without knowing anything of their habits or habitats. (We are to resist the Devil when we encounter him, not go looking for him).
9. Know what to do in case of snakebite (defensive warfare). In case of snakebite, the first thing that is done in the natural world is to make a cut in the shape of a cross (+) over each fang mark and then suck the poison out. What an illustration of the work of the cross of Jesus Christ in freeing us from the “poison” of sin.
We have authority over serpents. In Genesis 3, God pronounced a curse upon the serpent (Satan). He said that his head would be bruised by the seed of the woman (Jesus) and that the heel of the seed (Jesus) would be bruised by the serpent.
The “bruise” on the “heel” of Jesus speaks of the pressure resulting from bruising Satan’s head on the cross of Calvary. When Jesus bruised the head of Satan, it was much like severing the head of a poisonous snake in the natural world. A snake’s head can be severed from its body, but it still can bite for hours afterwards. The heart has been known to keep beating for two days and the snake’s body can continue to move.
Jesus severed the head of the “serpent” at Calvary, but the serpent still has life. He is still active in the world today and he still has power. But Satan has no authority. The only authority he has in your life is what you give him and the power and authority within you (Jesus) is greater than his power.


1. Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour. (I Peter 5:8)
2. Satan was originally created as an angel by God.
3. In his former position, Satan was an angel named Lucifer, an anointed cherub.
4. Satan fell from his position because of pride and rebellion which was expressed in terms of five statements of “I Will.”
5. See the results listed in Chapter Five.
6. Satan’s sphere of activity is both Heaven and earth.
7. The general activities of Satan are always directed against God, His plan, and His people; their worship, the Word, their work, and walk.
8. Study the list given in Chapter Five.



Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
• Write the Key Verse from memory.
• Identify Satan as your spiritual enemy.
• Explain how Satan originated.
• Describe his former position.
• Explain how Satan fell from his original position.
• Identify the results of Satan’s sin.
• List attributes of his nature.
• Identify his sphere of activity.
• Summarize the activities of Satan.


Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour. (I Peter 5:8)

In previous chapters you learned of a great invisible war that is in progress in the spirit world. You studied the spiritual forces of good engaged in this warfare. These include God the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, and the angels.
This chapter introduces your spiritual enemy, a powerful force of evil known as Satan. You will learn of his origin, his former position, how he fell from his former position, and of those he took with him when he fell. You will learn the attributes of his nature, his sphere of activity, and receive an introduction to his strategies. In the following two chapters you will continue this study of the spiritual forces of evil as you learn about demons, the world, and the flesh.
In warfare in the natural world, a soldier must first identify the enemy before entering the battlefield. He must study all available information on the enemy, his nature, and strategies.
This is why military forces spend much time gathering intelligence information on the enemy. The same is true in the spirit world. You can only war effectively if you identify your enemy, understand his nature, and recognize his strategies. As you have learned, the evil forces you face are not clothed in flesh. They are spiritual hosts of wickedness.


Satan was originally created by God:

All things were made by Him; and without Him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:3)

For by Him were all things created, that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16)

God does not create evil. Satan was perfect when he was originally created by God, but was given a free will to choose good or evil:

Thou was perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created till iniquity was found in thee. (Ezekiel 28:15)

The Bible describes the original position of Satan in Ezekiel 28:12-17. Read this passage in your Bible before proceeding with this lesson. When Satan was originally created, he was an angel of God. He was one of the Cherubim class of angels, holy, wise, beautiful, and perfect. He was the leader among the cherubs and is called a “guardian” or “covering” cherub. His name was originally Lucifer which means “light bearer” (Isaiah 14:12). He was decked with precious stones set in gold (Ezekiel 28:13; Exodus 28:15-11). He was given a position on God’s holy
mountain and apparently led in worship (Ezekiel 28:13).
What a brilliant, beautiful picture of Satan in his original position is given in the Word of God. He is described as a gem of precious stones. But a gem has no light of its own. It is not beautiful in a dark room. Its beauty is in its ability to reflect light from without.
When God created Lucifer, He made him with a capacity to reflect the glory of God to a greater degree than any other created being. God was the light that made Lucifer radiate beauty.


But Satan did not retain this glorious position. The Bible describes his rebellion and fall:

How art thou fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning. How art thou cut down to the ground which didst waken the nations. For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into Heaven, I will exalt my
throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation in the sides of the north;
I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the Most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to Hell, to the sides of the pit.
(Isaiah 14:12-15)

Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hadst corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness. (Ezekiel 28:17)

Satan’s fall from his angelic position occurred because of pride and rebellion demonstrated in five wrong attitudes. Satan said:
I WILL ascend unto Heaven: He desired to occupy the abode of God–Heaven–desiring equal recognition.
I WILL exalt my throne above the angels (stars) of God: He not only desired to occupy God’s abode, but he also coveted His rule over the angelic hosts.
I WILL sit also upon the mountain of the congregation: According to Isaiah 2:2 and Psalms 48:2, this is the center of God’s earthly rule. Satan desired to rule the earth as well as the angels.
I WILL ascend above the heights of the clouds: The clouds speak of the glory of God. Satan wanted God’s glory for himself. (The following verses document clouds in relation to the glory of God: Exodus 13:21; 40-28-34; Job 37-15-16; Matthew 26:64; Revelation 14:14- 16).
I WILL be like the Most High: As we learned in Chapter Three of this course, God has many names by which He is called. Why did Satan choose this particular name? He selected this title because it reflects God as “possessor of Heaven and earth.”


Here are the terrible results of Satan’s sin:

Because of his rebellion, Satan was cast out of Heaven by God:

…I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God…I will cast thee to the ground… (Ezekiel 28:16-17)

Lucifer, once created for God’s glory, became Satan with a character that opposed all God is and does.

Satan’s power was once used for God’s glory. Now it is turned to disruptive and destructive purposes. According to Isaiah 14 he weakens the nations (verse 12), causes the earth and governments to tremble (verse 16), and those taken as his prisoner have no relief (verse 17).

Satan was destined to the lake of fire (Isaiah 14:15).


When Satan fell from Heaven he did not fall alone. He took with him a portion of the angelic host of Heaven who participated in his rebellion against God. This group of angels are now part of an evil force of demons which you will study about in the next chapter.

When Satan rebelled, sin entered the universe. As a result, there were two actions God could have taken:
1. He could have struck down Satan and killed him. But if God had brought
down the first enemy in this way, there would always have been the possibility of another rebellion. The history of Heaven would have been clouded with similar disasters.
2. The other action open to God was the one which the Bible indicates He took. The claims of Satan to superior power should have their complete trial on earth in the span of eternity we call time.
When God created the first man and woman, the trial on earth began. You can read the story of the temptation of Adam and Eve by Satan and their fall into sin in Genesis chapter 3. You will study more about this when you analyze the strategies of Satan later in this course.
The battle is still in progress on earth. That is what spiritual warfare is all about. Satan is still seeking power, position, and worship. But as you will learn later in this course, he is already a defeated foe. Jesus overcame the power of Satan through His death and resurrection. The final destiny of Satan is already revealed in the Bible.


Satan, in spirit form, is present in the world:

And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. (Job 1:7)

Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour. (I Peter 5:8)

Although Satan is present in the world, he is not omnipresent, which means he cannot be every place in the world at one time as God can. This is why he employs a host of demons to accomplish his plans.

Satan has access to the presence of God and operates on the earth, including the “air” or region above the earth:

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them.
And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. (Job 1:6-7)

Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. (Ephesians 2:2)

We may summarize the activities of Satan by noting that they are always directed against God, His plan, and His people. He will attack you in the areas of worship of God, the Word of God, your Christian walk, and your work for God. More specific activities of Satan will be dealt with in detail in later lessons.

Pathway From Hell01

As you have already learned, Satan is a spirit, but he also has attributes of a real personality. The Bible teaches that he is:


But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtility, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. (II Corinthians 11:3)

And the dragon was wroth with the woman… (Revelation 12:17)

And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will. (II Timothy 2:26)


…Prince of the power of the air… (Ephesians 2:2)

Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. (Ephesians 6:11)

Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour. (I Peter 5:8)

And no marvel: For Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. (II Corinthians 11:14)


The Bible gives many names for Satan which reveal more about his nature and activities. As you previously learned, Satan was originally called the “anointed cherub” and “Lucifer” before his rebellion. Other names for Satan are:
Abaddon: (Hebrew word for a destroying angel) Revelation 9:11
Accuser of the Brethren: Revelation 12:10
Adversary: I Peter 5:8
Angel of bottomless pit: Revelation 9:11
Angel of light: II Corinthians 11:4
Apollyon (Greek word for destroyer): Revelation 9;11
Beelzebub: Matthew 12:24; Luke 11:15;
Mark 3:22
Belial: II Corinthians 6:15
Deceiver: Revelation 12:9; 20:3
Destroyer: Revelation 9:11;
I Corinthians 10:10
Devil: (Means slanderer) I Peter 5:8; Matthew 4:1
Dragon: Revelation 12:3
Enemy: Matthew 13:39
Evil One: I John 5:19
God of this world: II Corinthians 4:4
King of Tyrus: Ezekiel 28:12-15
Liar, father of lies: John 8:44
Murderer: John 8:44
Prince of the devils: Matthew 12:24
Prince of this world: John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11
Prince of the power of the air: Ephesians 2:2
Satan: (means adversary, opposer) John 13:27
Serpent: Revelation 12:9; II Corinthians 1:3
Tempter: Matthew 4:3; I Thessalonians 3:5
Roaring Lion: I Peter 5:8
Ruler of darkness: Ephesians 6:12
Spirit that works in the children of disobedience: Ephesians 2:2
You can recognize the power of Satan from his attributes and names. Because he is a deceptive, powerful enemy the Bible warns:

Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour. (I Peter 5:8)

Neither give place to the devil. (Ephesians 4:27)

Unlike God, Satan is not omniscient (knowing all things). If Satan could foresee the future he never would have allowed Jesus to die on the cross. He would have known that the death of Jesus would overthrow his power and provide a way of escape from the bondage of sin for all mankind.
Satan is not omnipotent (all powerful). Jesus said the power of God within you is greater than the power of Satan. For those who believe in Jesus, Satan is already a defeated foe (John 12:31).
He is strong only to those who yield to him. His power is limited by the power of God (Job 1:10-12) and he is only able to overcome a believer as they yield control to him.
Because Satan is not omnipresent (present everywhere) he dispatches a host of demons throughout the earth to do his will and accomplish his purposes. You will learn more about them in the following chapter.


1. Write the Key Verse from the Articles Of War.
2. How did Satan originate?
3. What was his former position?
4. What caused the fall of Satan?
5. What were the results of Satan’s sin?
6. Where is Satan’s sphere of activity?
7. What are the general activities of Satan?
8. List as many attributes of Satan as you can recall from this chapter.